Latin is Indigenous + European + African

Indigenous

Cuban | Dominican | HaitianPuerto Rican

Argentine | Bolivian | Brazilian | Chilean | Colombian | Ecuadorian | Paraguayan | Peruvian | Uruguayan | Venezuelan

Costa Rican | Guatemalan | Honduran | Mexican | Nicaraguan | Panamanian | Salvadoran

FrenchFrench-CanadianItalian | Jewish | Portuguese Romani | Romanian |Spanish

African
NORTH AFRICAN | Moroccan | Algerian | Tunisian

WEST AFRICAN |Senegalese | Gambian | Guinea-Bissauan | Sierra Leonean | Liberian | Ivorian | Ghanan | Togolese | Beninin | Nigerian

CENTRAL AFRICAN | Cameroonian | Equatorial Guinean | Gabonian | Congolese | Angolan | Namibian

One of the surprising things is just how African we are. We come from all these places.

Mile-Long Opera, a biography of 7 o’clock, 1,000 singers, 100 stories

October 3 – 7, 2018
Wednesday – Sunday
~
High Line
Meatpacking District & Chelsea, Manhattan

Celebrate Indigenous Peoples Day 2018

Monday, October 8, 2018
~
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE’S CELEBRATION
October 7 – 8, 2018
Sunday – Monday
Randall’s Island
Red Hawk Native American Arts Council

David Rubenstein Atrium ~ Mexico Now ~ Diana Gameros & Renee Goust

African, Colombian, Cuban, Dominican, Folk, Guatemalan, Indigenous, Mayan, Mexican, Puerto Rican & Spanish bachata, cumbia, merengue, salsa, soukous music and dancing.
August – December, 2018
~
61 West 62nd St
(at Columbus Ave)
Lincoln Center, Manhattan
~
Mexico Now
Diana Gameros & Renee Goust
Thursday, October 18, 2018

Marguerite Humeau: Birth Canal calls the age of Venus at the New Museum

New Museum
Lower East Side, Manhattan
Closed Mondays
September 4, 2018 – January 6, 2019


Caribbean


Celebrate the Feast of Obatalá, the Yoruba creator of humankind

Monday, September 24, 2018
Obatalá is the son/daughter of God, creator of humankind, and godfather/mother of the Orishas (Angels)

New York Mets vs Atlanta Braves, MLB at Citi Field

Atlanta Braves
Tuesday – Thursday
September 25 – 27, 2018
~
Miami Marlins
Friday – Sunday
September 28 – 30, 2018
(Last Games of the Season)
~
March – September
Citi Field in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens
~
Cuban, Dominican, Italian, Mexican & Venezuelan players

New York Yankees Major League Baseball at Yankee Stadium

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Last game of the season
At Boston Red Sox
~
March – September
Major League Baseball
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
~
Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Puerto Rican & Venezuelan players

Arturo O’Farrill Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra, Cuban Jazz at Birdland

Sundays in September 2018
~
Birdland
Hell’s Kitchen, Manhattan
~
Cuban O’Farrill and the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra are multi-Grammy winners

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

New York Mets vs Atlanta Braves, MLB at Citi Field

Atlanta Braves
Tuesday – Thursday
September 25 – 27, 2018
~
Miami Marlins
Friday – Sunday
September 28 – 30, 2018
(Last Games of the Season)
~
March – September
Citi Field in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens
~
Cuban, Dominican, Italian, Mexican & Venezuelan players

Cardi B to play a free show at Global Citizen Fest in Central Park

Saturday, September 29, 2018
~
Global Citizen Fest
The Great Lawn, Central Park
~
MTV VMAs 2018
Best New Artist
Song of Summer: “I Like It”

New York Yankees Major League Baseball at Yankee Stadium

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Last game of the season
At Boston Red Sox
~
March – September
Major League Baseball
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
~
Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Puerto Rican & Venezuelan players

Celebrate the Feast of Obatalá, the Yoruba creator of humankind

Monday, September 24, 2018
Obatalá is the son/daughter of God, creator of humankind, and godfather/mother of the Orishas (Angels)

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Mile-Long Opera, a biography of 7 o’clock, 1,000 singers, 100 stories

October 3 – 7, 2018
Wednesday – Sunday
~
High Line
Meatpacking District & Chelsea, Manhattan

‘Once on This Island’ at Circle in the Square, a Broadway musical about love

This Caribbean version of ‘The Little Mermaid’ wins hearts.

TONY AWARDS
“Best Musical Revival”

DRAMA DESK NOMINATION
“Outstanding Revival of a Musical”

CIRCLE IN THE SQUARE THEATRE
Times Square Theater District
Through December 31, 2018

Eddie Palmieri, Latin jazz legend at the Blue Note

Monday, September 24, 2018
~
Blue Note
Greenwich Village, Manhattan
~
Puerto Rican Latin Jazz and Salsa Legend

SummerStage 2018 FREE concerts in NYC parks

JUNE – SEPTEMBER
Angélique Kidjo (Beninese)
Remain in Light / Resistance Revival Chorus
Central Park SummerStage
Thursday, September 27, 2018

New York Yankees Major League Baseball at Yankee Stadium

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Last game of the season
At Boston Red Sox
~
March – September
Major League Baseball
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
~
Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Puerto Rican & Venezuelan players

Repertorio Español is NYC’s Spanish-language Off-Broadway Theatre

October 3 – 21, 2018
Wednesday – Sunday
Olga Pericet’s “Enfoque”
Spanish Flamenco
~
Repertorio Español
Kips Bay, Manhattan
~
300 shows a year of 15 plays from repertory and new productions. (In Spanish with English titles)


South American



UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Pedro Giraudo Tango Quartet plays Argentine Tango Jazz at Barbès

The Django in the Roxy Hotel
Tribeca, Manhattan
Tuesday, September 25, 2018

VolvoTango LIC Landing outdoor milonga on a pier with city views

LIC Landing
Long Island City, Queens
Spring + Summer + Fall
Tuesdays
FREE

NYCFC vs Chicago Fire at Yankee Stadium with Third Rail

Argentine, Costa Rican, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Spanish and Venezuelan players.
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
MARCH – OCTOBER
~
NYCFC vs Chicago Fire
Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Celebrate the Feast of Obatalá, the Yoruba creator of humankind

Monday, September 24, 2018
Obatalá is the son/daughter of God, creator of humankind, and godfather/mother of the Orishas (Angels)

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Forro in the Dark is a Brazil Party Wednesdays at Nublu in the East Village

Wednesdays in September 2018
“Brazilian Night”
~
Nublu Classic
East Village, Manhattan

SummerStage 2018 FREE concerts in NYC parks

JUNE – SEPTEMBER
Angélique Kidjo (Beninese)
Remain in Light / Resistance Revival Chorus
Central Park SummerStage
Thursday, September 27, 2018

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Hispanic Day Parade 2018 celebrates our diverse heritage

Sunday, October 7, 2018
Midtown / Upper East Side Manhattan
~
Fifth Avenue
44th to 69th Street
~
Argentine, Bolivian, Belizean, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Salvadoran, Spanish, Uruguayan and Venezuelan cultures

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month 2018

September 15 – October 15
~
Celebrate our communal heritage and the contributions of Hispanic Americans.

Celebrate Argentine Mother’s Day

Most countries celebrate on the second Sunday in May. Others celebrate on different days in May, June, August, October and December.
~
Argentine Mother’s Day
Third Sunday in October
Sunday, October 21, 2018

Off-Broadway Week 2018 Fall ~ 2-for-1 tickets to Off-Broadway Shows

September 24 – October 7, 2018
~
2-for-1 tickets to popular Off-Broadway shows

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

SummerStage 2018 FREE concerts in NYC parks

JUNE – SEPTEMBER
Angélique Kidjo (Beninese)
Remain in Light / Resistance Revival Chorus
Central Park SummerStage
Thursday, September 27, 2018

‘El coronel no tiene quien le escriba’ Colombian drama at Repertorio

Based on the classic Gabriel García Márquez story about how history repeats itself.
Adapted and Directed by Jorge Alí Triana
~
Repertorio Español
Kips Bay, Manhattan
Saturday, September 29, 2018

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

St. Patrick’s Cathedral ~ Our Lady of Cisne Mass (Ecuadorian)

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Our Lady of Cisne Mass (Ecuadorian)
~
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Our Lady of Aparecida Mass (Brazilian)
~
Sunday, October 7, 2018
Misa de la Hispanidad Mass (Spanish)
~
Spanish mass, Sundays
~
Enter the Christmas Eve Midnight Mass ticket lottery now.
~
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York
Fifth Ave (between 50th/51st St)
Midtown East, Manhattan
~
Argentine, Brazilian, Colombian, Cuban, Ecuadorian, Filipino, Italian, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Spanish and Venezuelan masses.

Hispanic Day Parade 2018 celebrates our diverse heritage

Sunday, October 7, 2018
Midtown / Upper East Side Manhattan
~
Fifth Avenue
44th to 69th Street
~
Argentine, Bolivian, Belizean, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Salvadoran, Spanish, Uruguayan and Venezuelan cultures

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month 2018

September 15 – October 15
~
Celebrate our communal heritage and the contributions of Hispanic Americans.

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

NYCFC vs Chicago Fire at Yankee Stadium with Third Rail

Argentine, Costa Rican, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Spanish and Venezuelan players.
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
MARCH – OCTOBER
~
NYCFC vs Chicago Fire
Wednesday, September 26, 2018

St. Patrick’s Cathedral ~ Our Lady of Cisne Mass (Ecuadorian)

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Our Lady of Cisne Mass (Ecuadorian)
~
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Our Lady of Aparecida Mass (Brazilian)
~
Sunday, October 7, 2018
Misa de la Hispanidad Mass (Spanish)
~
Spanish mass, Sundays
~
Enter the Christmas Eve Midnight Mass ticket lottery now.
~
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York
Fifth Ave (between 50th/51st St)
Midtown East, Manhattan
~
Argentine, Brazilian, Colombian, Cuban, Ecuadorian, Filipino, Italian, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Spanish and Venezuelan masses.

Hispanic Day Parade 2018 celebrates our diverse heritage

Sunday, October 7, 2018
Midtown / Upper East Side Manhattan
~
Fifth Avenue
44th to 69th Street
~
Argentine, Bolivian, Belizean, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Salvadoran, Spanish, Uruguayan and Venezuelan cultures


North American



UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

New York Mets vs Atlanta Braves, MLB at Citi Field

Atlanta Braves
Tuesday – Thursday
September 25 – 27, 2018
~
Miami Marlins
Friday – Sunday
September 28 – 30, 2018
(Last Games of the Season)
~
March – September
Citi Field in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens
~
Cuban, Dominican, Italian, Mexican & Venezuelan players

SummerStage 2018 FREE concerts in NYC parks

JUNE – SEPTEMBER
Angélique Kidjo (Beninese)
Remain in Light / Resistance Revival Chorus
Central Park SummerStage
Thursday, September 27, 2018

New York Yankees Major League Baseball at Yankee Stadium

Sunday, September 30, 2018
Last game of the season
At Boston Red Sox
~
March – September
Major League Baseball
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
~
Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Puerto Rican & Venezuelan players

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Hispanic Day Parade 2018 celebrates our diverse heritage

Sunday, October 7, 2018
Midtown / Upper East Side Manhattan
~
Fifth Avenue
44th to 69th Street
~
Argentine, Bolivian, Belizean, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Salvadoran, Spanish, Uruguayan and Venezuelan cultures

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month 2018

September 15 – October 15
~
Celebrate our communal heritage and the contributions of Hispanic Americans.

Celebrate Argentine Mother’s Day

Most countries celebrate on the second Sunday in May. Others celebrate on different days in May, June, August, October and December.
~
Argentine Mother’s Day
Third Sunday in October
Sunday, October 21, 2018


European



“Samson et Dalila” is the Met Opera’s 2018 Opening Night Gala

OPENING NIGHT GALA
Monday, September 24, 2018
~
September 24, 2018 – March 28, 2019
French opera
~
Metropolitan Opera House
Lincoln Center

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Met Opera’s “La Bohème” 2018 stars Nicole Car & Vittorio Grigolo

OPENING NIGHT
Tuesday, September 25, 2018
~
September – December 2018
Metropolitan Opera House
Lincoln Center

Affordable Art Fair 2018 Fall

Preview, Wednesday, September 26, 2018
~
Thursday – Sunday
September 27 – 30, 2018
~
Metropolitan Pavilion
Chelsea, Manhattan
~
Over 70 exhibitors of art for less than $10,000, including French, Italian and Spanish galleries

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Met Opera’s “La Bohème” 2018 stars Nicole Car & Vittorio Grigolo

OPENING NIGHT
Tuesday, September 25, 2018
~
September – December 2018
Metropolitan Opera House
Lincoln Center

New York Mets vs Atlanta Braves, MLB at Citi Field

Atlanta Braves
Tuesday – Thursday
September 25 – 27, 2018
~
Miami Marlins
Friday – Sunday
September 28 – 30, 2018
(Last Games of the Season)
~
March – September
Citi Field in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens
~
Cuban, Dominican, Italian, Mexican & Venezuelan players

Affordable Art Fair 2018 Fall

Preview, Wednesday, September 26, 2018
~
Thursday – Sunday
September 27 – 30, 2018
~
Metropolitan Pavilion
Chelsea, Manhattan
~
Over 70 exhibitors of art for less than $10,000, including French, Italian and Spanish galleries

“Samson et Dalila” is the Met Opera’s 2018 Opening Night Gala

OPENING NIGHT GALA
Monday, September 24, 2018
~
September 24, 2018 – March 28, 2019
French opera
~
Metropolitan Opera House
Lincoln Center

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

BlacKkKlansman is Spike Lee straight to the heart of racism

The Brooklyn director is at his best in this comedy about race based on the true story of a Black cop who infiltrated the KKK.
OPENED
Friday, August 10, 2018
NOW PLAYING CITYWIDE

White | Black monochrome group show of art stars at Acquavella Galleries

August 13 – September 28, 2018
~
Acquavella Galleries
Upper East Side, Manhattan
~
Compare the aesthetics of Miquel Barceló (Spanish), Louise Bourgeois (French), Jean Dubuffet (French), Jacob El Hanani (Jewish), Manolo Millares (Spanish), Joaquín Torres-García (Uruguayan) and Americans Keith Haring, Robert Longo & Andy Warhol.

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month 2018

September 15 – October 15
~
Celebrate our communal heritage and the contributions of Hispanic Americans.

Celebrate Argentine Mother’s Day

Most countries celebrate on the second Sunday in May. Others celebrate on different days in May, June, August, October and December.
~
Argentine Mother’s Day
Third Sunday in October
Sunday, October 21, 2018

FIFA World Soccer Ranking ~ Top 10 include France, Brazil, Uruguay

September 20, 2018 ~ Half of top ten are Latin: France, Brazil, Uruguay, Portugal and Spain.
NEXT UPDATE
Thursday, October 25, 2018

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Fall for Dance Festival 2018 at New York City Center

October 1 – 13, 2018
Monday – Saturday
~
New York City Center
Midtown, Manhattan
~
$15 seats to watch four companies a night. African, Argentine, Brazilian, Cuban, French & Romanian dancers or companies performing ballet, modern, contemporary and folkloric dances.

Celebrate Argentine Mother’s Day

Most countries celebrate on the second Sunday in May. Others celebrate on different days in May, June, August, October and December.
~
Argentine Mother’s Day
Third Sunday in October
Sunday, October 21, 2018

FIFA World Soccer Ranking ~ Top 10 include France, Brazil, Uruguay

September 20, 2018 ~ Half of top ten are Latin: France, Brazil, Uruguay, Portugal and Spain.
NEXT UPDATE
Thursday, October 25, 2018

Veterans Day Weekend

Friday – Sunday
November 9 – 11, 2018

Celebrate International Romani Day

Celebrates Romani (Gypsy) culture
April 8
Monday, April 8, 2019

Ballet Hispánico is America’s leading Latino dance company

167 West 89th St
between Amsterdam and Columbus
Upper West Side, Manhattan

Django Reinhardt NY Festival keeps the Gypsy Jazz legend alive

Birdland
Hell’s Kitchen
Tuesday – Sunday
July 10 – 15, 2018

UN General Assembly 73 (2018) UNGA 73

GENERAL DEBATE
September 25 – October 5, 2018
~
Heads of state visit
UN Headquarters
Midtown East, Manhattan

Affordable Art Fair 2018 Fall

Preview, Wednesday, September 26, 2018
~
Thursday – Sunday
September 27 – 30, 2018
~
Metropolitan Pavilion
Chelsea, Manhattan
~
Over 70 exhibitors of art for less than $10,000, including French, Italian and Spanish galleries

NYCFC vs Chicago Fire at Yankee Stadium with Third Rail

Argentine, Costa Rican, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Spanish and Venezuelan players.
Yankee Stadium
Concourse, The Bronx
MARCH – OCTOBER
~
NYCFC vs Chicago Fire
Wednesday, September 26, 2018

White | Black monochrome group show of art stars at Acquavella Galleries

August 13 – September 28, 2018
~
Acquavella Galleries
Upper East Side, Manhattan
~
Compare the aesthetics of Miquel Barceló (Spanish), Louise Bourgeois (French), Jean Dubuffet (French), Jacob El Hanani (Jewish), Manolo Millares (Spanish), Joaquín Torres-García (Uruguayan) and Americans Keith Haring, Robert Longo & Andy Warhol.

The meaning of the word Latin changes with time. Today it generally refers to the Native + European + African mix of the Americas. However, the origins of Latin culture are the very foundation of Western civilization.

Like the Tree of Life itself, any honest examination of the human story leads away from branches of difference towards shared roots.

Our shared Western heritage is Greek. Greeks started the process of humanizing the gods and empowering the individual. This process continues today in a proverbial “two steps forward, one step back” dance across the ages.

Latin culture begins in Italy. Greek culture wasn’t copied, it was absorbed from Greek migrants in the boot of Italy and the shores of Sicily. Migrants still seek these shores today.

The Romans spread Latin culture around the Mediterranean (27 BC – 476 AD). Romans loved silk. Venice controlled the oriental trade and absorbed oriental influences.

When Rome declined, what is now Spain and Portugal did not decline as badly. French are a Germanic people who remained “Latinized” from their Roman period. The Germanic mind and the Latin heart in the French are an enviable combination when they work together.

For better or sometimes for worse, the Roman Catholic church was for a long time the last pillar of Western Civilization. The church’s influence on life and therefore culture was profound, even as it began dividing into Oriental and Eastern orthodoxy, and later Protestant religions.

The Mediterranean Sea is essentially a big lake. Phoenicians (Lebanese), Greeks, and Jews settled around its shores. Their cultures added important elements to the mix.

The Moorish conquest of Spain between (711 and 1492) and Sicily (827-902) added Islamic influences. When they worked together, Christians, Jews, and Muslims created the most advanced civilization of their time and resurrected the ancient roots of Western Civilization.

The Italian Renaissance (circa 1300s – 1500s) began to bring light back to Europe. The Renaissance is the foundation of contemporary Western civilization.

The Portuguese began exploring the African coast  in 1419. They eventually made it to the Orient.

The Ottoman takeover of Constantinople (1453) closed ancient trade routes. This pushed traders to the sea looking for another way to the Orient.

The Spanish Golden Age (1492-1659) brought Europeans, and forced Jews and Africans to the Americas. The conquistadores planted the first orange trees in Florida. The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs (1521), the Incas (1572), and the Maya (1697) folded Native American cultures into the mix.

Cuba was the main port of the Spanish transatlantic trade in plunder and slaves. There African and Spanish mixed into what we now think of as Latin. This culture spread across the Spanish-speaking Americas.

In 1524 Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered New York Bay for a French king.

The first African slaves arrived in what is now New York City in 1626. There was a slave market on the east end of Wall Street. New York slaves came from Cuba.

The French coined the term “Amérique latine” (Latin American) while trying to conquer Mexico in the 1830s. Latin American leaders adopted the term because of its connection to the great military and cultural power of the time.

Colonial power in the Americas led Latin Americans to look to European culture as the best. Colonization left diverse and rich cultural blends. It also left dysfunctional political and economic structures which are still unwinding today.

Jazz became recognizable in African communities at the turn of the 20th century. Jelly Roll Morton’s “Spanish tinge” was Cuban. The ferry ran twice a day between New Orleans and Havana.

The main wave of Italian immigrants to New York City came between 1900-1910. They first settled in East Harlem.

In 1940, Cubans Mario Bauzá and Machito Grillo formed the Machito and his Afro-Cubans orchestra. They created Latin Jazz as we know it and caught the ear of Dizzy Gillespie.

World War II (1939-1945) moved the world’s cultural center from Paris to New York.

In the 1950s Celia Cruz popularized Cuban music across Latin America. Tito Puente and others popularized Cuban music in the United States. Since the 1950s, Latin has meant Latin American, or the countries south of the United States.

The “Great Migration” from Puerto Rico to New York City in the 1950s gave “Latin” a Puerto Rican meaning. East Harlem became known as “Spanish Harlem” or “El Barrio.”

In the 1970s, Cuban music played mostly by New York Puerto Ricans went global out of New York City. It was called Salsa. That music and dance went everywhere and has spawned endless variations.

Latin culture is so popular now that even people who aren’t Latin by birth are part of the culture.

Mexico is the global center of all forms of Spanish-language publishing. Mexican-Americans are the Hispanic majority in the United States. So Latin is beginning to mean Mexican-American.

Most Hispanic immigration to New York City is now coming from the Caribbean (Dominican) and South America (Ecuadorian and Colombian).

Mexico has the world’s largest Spanish-speaking population. The United States is second. Brazil has the largest Portuguese-speaking population. France and Canada are the second and third largest French-speaking countries.

There are large Middle Eastern and Asian communities in Central and South America.

The global icon of New York City, the Statue of Liberty, is French.

So who is Latin? Whatever you are, we are all a little bit Latin.

Central America is actually part of the North American continent. Central America is a cultural concept like the distinction between Europe and Asia. There is no divide except in the minds of some politicians.

In fact about one-third of the United States was Mexico until gold was discovered in California. Then we cooked up a war to take the land. There is an old saying that, “We didn’t cross the border. The border crossed us.”

Central America is the ancient home of the great Olmec, Maya, and Aztec cultures.

Mexico City, the ancient capital of the Aztecs, was the old Spanish capital of North America. Later Central America was controlled from Guatemala.

Panama was originally part of Colombia and was considered part of South America. Then we convinced the Colombians to give it up so we could finish the Panama canal started by the French.

The amount of silver taken by the Spanish out of Mexico paid for those beautiful old buildings in Spain and created financial imbalances around the globe. It’s an old story, but it is incredible to think that globalization has been going on for hundreds of years.


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